Industry 4.0, takes its name from the European Industry 4.0 initiative, in turn inspired by a German government project. It is a process that stems from the fourth industrial revolution and is leading to fully automated and interconnected industrial production.
The new digital technologies will have a profound impact in the context of four development guidelines:
The first concerns the use of data: computing power and connectivity, and is divided into big data, open data, Internet of Things, machine-to-machine and cloud computing for the centralization of information and its storage
The second is that of analytics: once the data is collected, it is necessary to derive value. Today, only 1% of the data collected is used by companies, which could instead obtain advantages starting from "machine learning", that is, from machines that improve their performance by "learning" from the data gradually collected and analyzed.
The third direction of development is the interaction between man and machine: which involves "touch" interfaces, which are increasingly widespread, and augmented reality.
Finally, there is the whole sector that deals with the transition from digital to "real" and which includes additive manufacturing, 3D printing, robotics, communications, machine-to-machine interactions and new technologies for storing and using energy in a targeted way, rationalizing costs and optimizing performance.
Here is a catalog of the Assets:
Capital goods whose operation is controlled by computerized systems or managed by appropriate sensors and drives.
Systems for quality and sustainability assurance.
Devices for man-machine interaction and for the improvement of ergonomics and workplace safety in a "4.0" logic.
Intangible assets (software, systems and system integration, platforms and applications) connected to investments in tangible assets «Industry 4.0.
The machinery must be:
In addition, all the machines mentioned above must be equipped with at least two of the following characteristics to make them comparable or integrable with cyber-physical systems:
It is possible to produce any appraisal / certificate of conformity in two separate and subsequent phases:
The two phases can be organized as follows: